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Cardiovascular disease

Myocardial infarct, stroke and periodontitis seem to be related to each other. It has been seen that patients with periodontal disease who have lost a significant number of teeth also show a high presence of carotid atheromatous plaques.

In addition, patients with inflammatory diseases in the oral cavity show an higher risk of myocardial infarct and atherosclerosis. Periodontal disease seems to be able to produce a direct effect on the progression of atherosclerosis through the passage of periodontal pathogens from the oral cavity into the circulatory system. Among other things, the periodontitis acts indirectly on the pathogenesis of the formation of atheromatous pats releasing inflammatory mediators that can get into the blood.

The patient with cardiovascular disease should be visited by a dentist who will perform screening for periodontal disease and will establish together with the patient, based on the demonstrated risk, the treatment plan to follow as well as the recommended interval between the sessions of oral hygiene.