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Gingivitis and periodontitis

Different conditions along the spectrum of periodontal disease. In 10-15% of cases, gingivitis developes into periodontitis.


Gingivitis: The mildest form of periodontal disease. The gums become red, swollen and bleed easily. At this stage the patient does not feel a discomfort, or just a little. Inadequate oral hygiene is often the main cause. It is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care. Factors that may contribute to the development of gingivitis include diabetes, smoking, aging, genetic predisposition, systemic diseases and conditions, stress, inadequate nutrition, puberty, hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, substance abuse, HIV infection and certain medication use.

Parodont: Deep periodontal disease where gums are separated from the teeth, forming pockets that become infected. As the disease progresses, the toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate and the gums pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Often, this destructive process has very mild symptoms. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.